Describe The Counselling Process Of A Therapist

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Introduction Counselling is the process of seeking guidance or professional help from a therapist in order to resolve any conflicts that affect you emotionally and psychologically ("Counselling - NHS Choices", 2016). Another aim of counselling, as the client, is to feel heard, understood and to gain problem-solving skills that will assist in resolving issues that occur in the future and to realize the potential that the client has ("Counselling - NHS Choices", 2016). When going to a counselling session for the first time, there are various expectations placed on the therapist where the therapist is expected to solve problems and give advice ("Counselling - NHS Choices", 2016). The reality of counselling is that the therapist shows; active…show more content…
There are three stages, six processes and eighteen counselling skills in the SCTM. The first stage in the exploring stage and it looks at the client’s current situation, the counselling processes include; attending, questioning and reflecting (Smaby et al., 2011). The attending process is about the counsellor being present with the client using the following skills; eye contact, body language and verbal tracking. When making eye contact, it is important that the counsellor makes eye contact in an appropriate manner to secure attention with the client and regulate the conversation. Body language is used to identify non-verbal communication; the counsellor keeps an open space between the counsellor and mirrors the clients sitting position as a way of connecting with the client. Verbal tracking is when the counsellor gets clarification from the client based on what has been said. Another counselling process of stage one is the questioning and reflecting process and that is where the counsellor keeps track of the clients current picture, the skills used in the process are; asking open-ended questions, which will help the counsellor in…show more content…
Carl Roger’s the founder of person-centred therapy, is considered to be the most influential psychologist of the 20th century as he revolutionised the approach to therapy, Rogers had an interest in the growth and change of an individual and believed that each individual has a potential in being able to understand themselves, resolve their own conflicts and self-heal (Corey, 2014). The key concepts of person-centred therapy, place emphasis on the fact that the client is responsible for their own self-understanding and self-growth, in other words, the therapy focusses on the self (Corey, 2014). According to Corey (2014), the therapists role, is to facilitate the clients process of change, to support the client through genuineness, empathy, and unconditional positive regard. The counsellor shows genuineness by being their true self in the therapy session with the client and expressing their thoughts, feelings and reactions in a non-judgemental and reflective manner, empathy is shown in order for the therapist to feel what the client is feeling, to help the clients in being more in touch with themselves and to enable the client, “to feel more deeply and intensely” (Corey, 2014, p.169). Unconditional positive regard is the therapist’s attitude in accepting the client for the way they are regardless of their problem (Corey, 2014). Once the core key concepts have been mastered the client will be able to make a
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