Therefore I wanted to research the matter of how much influence Roman architecture actually held of modern western architecture.
The fantastic synthesis of seating arrangement and the order of the use of different style provides a visual symbol and expression of the concept of the strict hierarchical Roman social structure.
- Much is made of the temples and public buildings of ancient Greece, for good reason. But what were the houses of the average Greek citizen like? You will have to do some outside research for this topic. Include architectural descriptions and historical background information.
The main purpose of the Roman Perystile was of a garden or a beautiful arranged place, where people were able to have walks or spend time outside the house on their own property. The columns were built with two aims, the first one was for supporting the roof, and the second one to create a beautiful architectural space, filled with specific roman details. Contrarily, for the Mesopotamians, this place were designed only for technical and functional purposes that were supposed to bring sun light and fresh air into the house, or to keep the temperature cool.
The Romans and Greek houses were similar, yet different. The Roman houses usually composed of many stories, but many of the Greek houses didn’t, due to their lack of concrete. The Romans had many rooms in their houses, usually each for a specific purpose. Greeks, on the other hand, had many of their rooms dedicated to gods, and only a few rooms. Many Greeks had their houses made out of pebbles, clay, or mud, which had to be kept up, since it would wear away and disintegrate. Greek houses were planned around a courtyard with a garden and statues in it.
The architecture “norm” for aristocratic homes was in the Shinden-zurkuri style, “which was clearly based on the principle that the individual parts of the building should be merged as much as possible into the garden” (Yoshida, p.12). The main building, named the Shinden, represented the area reserved for the master himself, and always opened up to the south side of the garden. There were corridors, or tai-no-ya, connecting the Shinden to the rest of the buildings in the complex. There corridors created an enclosure which is where a lake would be placed and where the stroll garden was erected.
A Roman Villa was a upper-class country house built for Roman Republic and the Roman Empire. A Roman Villa is a brilliant architecture complexes and were decorated with paintings and sculpture. A Villa of a wealthy Roman family was much larger and more delightful than a regular standard Roman house. A Roman Villa had multiple rooms. The multiple rooms included a triclinium (dining room), peristyle (garden), impluvium (pool), culina (kitchen), and cubiculum (the bedrooms). Some Roman Villas had sloping roofs, covered in broaded tiles. The Roman Villas windows were covered with blinds of linen, but most likely covered with shutters of wood. The very wealthy had glass windows. Roman villas had water straight piped to them. Lead pipes brought water to the villa.
As the Romans traveled on many conquests they came in contact with some highly developed cultures, especially the Greek lifestyle, which encouraged the spread and development of their innovations in architecture, engineering, literature, and art.
It was risky walking around because people could get mugged or robbed. Most rich people lived in well built houses while poor people often lived in apartments. In Rome the apartments were poorly built and only had one room for the whole family to live in. Most of the elaborate systems of roads and highways in the cities of Rome were made using concrete and by hand.
Stamper, The Architecture of Roman Temples, 106. Stamper, The Architecture of Roman Temples, 106. Stamper, The Architecture of Roman Temples, 106. Stamper, The Architecture of Roman Temples, 109 Frank Sear. Roman Architecture (London: BT Batsford Ltd, 1989), 59. Darryl A. Phillips, “The Temple of Divius Julius and the Restoration of Legislative Assemblies under Augustus”, Phoenix 65 (2011): 382 Stamper, The Architecture of Roman Temples, 130 Sear, Roman Architecture, 58 Sear,
The design and structure of a city is as important as the people who dwell within her walls. The placement of streets and the structures built there are carefully plotted for optimal use. Foot and cart traffic, fire hazard, and access to water were all key factors in city planning. Eventually the Romans had fine tuned their design principals in such an advantageous way that they molded all of their city states similarly.
Ancient Roman structures are truly amazing! I really found all of them fascinating,but the one that was the most surprising to me were the Insulae (Insula is Latin for “island,” plural insulae). There were so many people living in Rome at that time, and they needed to create and build shelter for their community. In Roman architecture, and Insula was sort of apartment building that housed most of the urban citizen population of ancient Rome this included ordinary people of lower- or middle-class status (the plebs) and all but the wealthiest from the upper-middle class (the equites). Like modern apartments buildings, an insula might have a name, usually referring to the owner of the building. Living quarters were typically smallest in the building’s
Moreover, Magness describes Roman public latrines as places to not only do one’s business but also to carry on a conversation with peers. In Rome, latrines were not designed for privacy, but for necessity. They were basically long rows with numerous