Describe and Evaluate Carl Jung’s Theory Concerning Personality Types and Show How It Might Usefully Help a Therapist to Determine the Clients Therapeutic Goals?

2246 Words Aug 12th, 2012 9 Pages
Describe and evaluate Carl Jung’s theory concerning personality types and show how it might usefully help a therapist to determine the clients therapeutic goals?

Word count 2247
Personality can be described as the individual’s characteristic patterns of thought emotion and behaviour together with psychological mechanisms-hidden or not behind those patterns. The influence of both genetics and heredity factors alongside upbringing, culture and experience are recognised as influencing an individual’s personality. Within the counselling arena the client’s unique personality will influence their movement and path to finding solutions to issues and problems they bring. This essay will be evaluating Carl Jung’s type theory of
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Both ‘thinkers ‘and ‘feelers’ shared the fact that they had a rational perspective of the world as they both require the act of reason. In contrast the functions of ‘sensation’ and ‘intuition’ are both irrational as they do involve reason but instead result from either internal or external stimuli affecting the person. If a person who has a developed ‘sensation’ function they will predominantly perceive the world through their sense organs, whilst someone who is more intuitive inclined will react to the world from a more immediate inner response, for example they rely on their ‘hunches’ or ‘gut reaction’ to an experience. Jung’ theory proposed that when the’ attitude’ and the ‘function’ type of an individual was combined they could be defined into one of a possible eight more refined types. The extraverted sensing type, the introverted sensing type, the extroverted feeling type, the introverted feeling type, the extroverted intuitive type, the introverted intuitive type, the extroverted thinking type and finally the introverted thinking type. According to Jung any personality and behaviour could be fitted into one of these eight types. For example someone who is an extrovert feeling type will enjoy being around people and take pleasure from such things as music or the arts. In contrast an