Describe the Expected Pattern of Children and Young People’s Development from Birth to 19.

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CACHE Level 2
Supporting Teaching and Learning in Schools (QCF)

Theme 3
Stages of Child Development

Child Development

For this unit you will need to be able to describe the expected pattern of development of children and young people from birth to 19 years.

In groups you must complete the attached table to address 2.1: 1.1 and 1.2

2.1: 1.1 Describe the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19.

Stage/Area of development | Physical development | Communication and intellectual development | Social, emotional and behavioural development | 0-3 years | Babies are born with little control over their bodies but by 12 months they will have developed some
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It is possible for both sexes to have a growth spurt at this time. | Young people will usually now have a clear idea about their favourite subjects and will usually be more motivated in these areas. They will be reflecting on their experiences and choosing their pathways. They may lack confidence in less popular subjects, to the extent they may be truant. It is particularly important for young people to feel good about themselves and want to belong. | At this age, children’s self esteem can be very vulnerable. They will be entering adulthood however they still need a lot of guidance in many different ways.. They will want to be more independent and start to spend more time with their friends without adults, but continue to display childish behaviour. They will find that they are under the pressures of growing up and increasing expectations, and may be unsure on how to behave. | 16-19 years | This is the stage where young people become young adults, and are often at the peak of their physical performance. Almost all girls will have reached physical maturity, boys will continue to mature into their mid-20 's. | By the time they have left school they will be thinking about their pathway for their career, whether it involves college or university. | Young people enter adulthood but still require advise and guidance from adults. They will lack experience and individuals will vary in emotional maturity and the way
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