Describe the Expected Pattern of Children and Young People's Development from Birth to 19

714 Words Oct 25th, 2012 3 Pages
TDA 2.1 Child and Young Person Development
1.1 Describe the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years, to include: physical, social, emotional, behavioural, intellectual and communicational development.
Through a young person’s development, from birth to 19 they are expected to follow a development pattern including physical, social, environmental, behavioural, intellectual and communicational. The expected pattern is seen as the average time period it would take to accomplish these skills. In this assignment I will discuss the main stages of development and how it can sometimes differ for different sexes.
The expected pattern starts at 0-3 years where a child is expected to develop the most.
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Many children have discovered an interest within a skilled area such as football, athletics, horse riding or netball etc. all using different skills to progress in their desired hobby. From the age of 10/11, girls will show early signs of puberty and another period of rapid physical growth. A skill that is attained in this age bracket is time keeping, children begin to realise the concept of time and their independence is greater. Children’s friendship will become more settled and this is when groups form. They will become aware of what others think, so they start to take care with their appearance and become more conscious about what they say. By the age of 12, children should be fluent speakers of a language and be at a good standard of reading and writing. They should be able to solve problems and carry out skills within a physical activity e.g. balancing, co-ordination and agility.
Progressing on from 12, children are at a vulnerable stage with self-esteem. Their bodies will be changing and they will be making decisions about their futures. Boys will be starting to go through puberty whilst many girls will have completed the process. Communication and intellectual development has slightly different brackets, ages 12-18 laps over with 16-19. Young people will usually have an idea about their favourite subjects and are motivated in those areas, making sure they achieve good results. This enables them to carry over their achievements to their career choice, focussing on
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