Describe the Expected Pattern of Children and Young People's Development from Birth to 19 Years

1545 Words May 13th, 2012 7 Pages
1.1 Describe the expected pattern of children and young people's development from birth to 19 years.


Recognise mothers voice and smell

Able to cry to let everyone know they need help

Actively learning through touch, taste and hearing

Swallowing and sucking reflexes- ensuring that babies can feed and swallow milk

Rooting reflex- babies move their head to look for a nipple or teat if the cheek and mouth are touched, helping the babies to find milk

Grasp reflex- automatically putting fingers around an object that has touched palm of hand

Startle reflex- when babies hear a sudden sound or see a bright light, they move their arms outwards, and clenching their fists

Walking and
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Babies are able to feed themselves with their fingers

18 months;

Children are walking up and down stairs with adult help

Less babbling and more recognisable words, for example 'no', 'come', 'go', 'drink', 'bye' etc..

Signs of temper and frustration

Eagerness for independence- trying to feed themselves with a spoon

Enjoyment of pop up and posting toys

Sitting and pushing off with their legs on sit and ride toys

Determines to try things by themselves

Interest in other children

Awareness of where their parents are and what they are doing

2 years;

Enjoying songs and dancing to music

Pointing to pictures of familiar objects and naming them

Anger and frustration if they cannot do what they want to do

Delight and happiness when they are enjoying something

Keen to show things to adults

Playing on sit and ride toys

Running and climbing

Building with bricks, doing simple jigsaw puzzles

Some children moving out of nappies

Likely to have around two hundred words in their vocabulary

Starting to enjoy pretend play, taking an empty cup and drinking from it or giving a teddy a hug

They are showing individuality

They know what they want to do, touch and hold

They can move confidently and enjoy doing things for themselves

'Terrible twos'- frustration

2 1/2 years;

Still keen to be independent,
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