Describe the Main Developmental Tasks and Milestones Associated with Each Stage in Human Development over the Lifespan. Then Choose One Phase Only of Human Development and Discuss the Developmental Needs of People in This Stage. Discuss Various Sp...

2885 WordsOct 9, 200612 Pages
The lifespan of a person is an awesome thing to behold. From birth completely dependent on others to later life where you care and look after your own children and grandchildren and watch them develop as your parents and grandparents watched you. From birth to death there are miraculous changes in each stage of development. Starting at the beginning is the newborn. The Newborn (birth to 1 month) and Infant (1month to 1 year) Developmental stages: • Erikson's trust versus mistrust (Kail & Cavanaugh 2004:16) • Piaget's sensorimotor stage (2004:19) • Parent-infant bonding • Foundation of language • Foundation of locomotion Many factors ensure the health of a newborn and infant, including the mother's health and age when…show more content…
They often confuse appearance with reality, such as being frightened when a caregiver puts on a mask. (Kail & Cavanaugh 2004:214) Between the ages of 2 and 3, the activity level is higher than at any point in the life span. However, the preschoolers' physical activity often outweighs the child's judgement making safety in the home a priority. (Kaplan 1991:225) The preschoolers' development of locomotion improves dramatically skills such as running become more fluid, as five-year-old play often includes running. (Kaplan 1991:342) Also, towards the end of this stage, the child can dress themself; their sociability improves and are generally more independent, although they tend to be egocentric. School-age child (6 years to 12 years) Developmental tasks: • Erikson's Industry Versus Inferiority (Kail & Cavanaugh 2004:16) • Piaget's concrete operational thought moving to Formal Operational period (2004:19) • Kohlberg's conventional level (2004:323) • Friendship • Schooling, skill learning • Self-evaluation • Team play • Aware of effects of family, economic, political conditions There are several theories of intelligence, in formal schooling, however Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences presents a much broader view of intelligence. (Kail & Cavanaugh 2004:220) Although reading, writing and mathematical ability still appear in society to be recognised as the most important skills for a child to learn. Children are increasingly

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