Description Of Multiple Sclerosis

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Multiple Sclerosis:
Multiple Sclerosis; also known as MS, is a chronic and degenerative disease that affects the central nervous system. It is a disease in which the body is attacking its own myelin as if it was a foreign substance. This disease is currently affecting about 2.3 million people in the world (Tran, 2014).
History of disease:
Multiple sclerosis has existed long before it had a name, just like many other diseases. In 1838, Dr. Jean-Martin Charcot became the first person credited with identifying multiple sclerosis as a disease. Charcot was a French scientist and physician who is claimed to be the founder of modern neurology. A female patient of his suffered an unusual combination of symptoms and he tried some of the typical treatments
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The central nervous system is made up of the brain and spinal cord, with nerves that are covered by a protective layer called the myelin sheath (“Multiple Sclerosis”, 2012). The primary job of the myelin is to protect the nerves and conduct the nerves. Multiple sclerosis interrupts the nerves by repeatedly inflaming until it completely covers the myelin sheath. By covering the myelin, the nerve fibers are exposed and its impulses are then affected. The nervous system controls and coordinates our body functions and movements, and an attack can affect memory and the ability to speak or even walk (Tran, 2014). Gender plays an important role as women are affected earlier in life and twice as often than men. Race also places a role as Caucasian people are mostly affected in comparison to other races. Genetics can contribute to the development of multiple sclerosis as chances for developing this disease increase significantly for people with an affected family member. Research has shown that this disease shares a common genetic link in family members. Climate is also another factor in developing MS, with countries with temperate climates such as Canada, the U.S, New Zealand and some parts of Europe. Viral infections can also be linked to developing MS, including Epstein-Barr virus, which causes mononucleosis also known as the kissing disease (Tran,…show more content…
Before treatment is possible, it’s important to get a proper diagnosis from a doctor. When symptoms fit the criteria for MS and neurological exams and MRI results show the abnormalities, a proper diagnosis can be formed. Nutritional therapy is very important for the patient as it gives the patient a low fat diet to follow to help slow down any progression of the disease. Any type of exercise is beneficial for MS patients, as well as movement therapy. For patients that are too weak for exercise, other options such as yoga or water aerobics would be helpful. Aromatherapy would also be very beneficial where the patient’s body can be massaged with essential oils to treat affected areas. It’s important for the patients to do research on the type of treatment that they would prefer to help become more confortable (Tran, 2014). As well as exercise, it’s important to change your diet in correlation with new medications that the patient would be receiving. Medications such as Avonex has been seen to help limit the progress of an disabilities from episodes, Betaseron also helped some patients with reducing the number and severity of relapses (Tran, 2014). All drugs are administered by injection, and also have significant side effects, which is why it is important to do research to figure out which is best for
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