Autism is most commonly described as a developmental disability that is diagnosed over a broad spectrum of impairment and identifiers; and within the first three to five years of life. The number of cases of ASD have steadily grown over the past several decades and can be seen in 1 in every 88 births (Ogletree, Morrow-Odom, &
Autism spectrum disorder is a general term for the complex neurological diseases that affect brain development. The common characteristics of the disease are difficulties in social interactions, speech communication and repetitive sounds and movements. In May of 2013, the DSM-5 diagnostic manual placed all autism disorders under one umbrella known as ASD or autism spectrum disorders. This merged all of the sub-types like Asperger syndrome, autistic disorder, childhood disintegrative disorder, pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (autism speaks, 2014). Common characteristics of autism are intellectual disability, challenges in motor coordination, attention span
Autism Spectrum Disorders are developmental disabilities with lifelong effects for the person. They are characterized by the repetitive behaviors exhibited by the client with social and communication deficits as well. Clients with ASDs have unusual abilities to learn, they struggle with paying attention and may react inappropriately with extreme tantrums to different sensations. ASDs include and are not limited to autistic disorder, pervasive developmental disorder, atypical autism and Asperger disorder. Research of autism has been tracked by the Centers of Disease Control for prevalence since 1996, however tracking of developmental disabilities began in the 1980s.
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a group of conditions of the brain development. (Vries, 2015). The main characteristic of individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), is that they have difficulties to adapt and interact with other people. Also, individuals with Autism have problems with their development of verbal and nonverbal communication. They show a repetitive behavior that is usually recognized during the first three years of life. Approximately one of sixty eight children are affected with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in the United States. (Vries, 2015).
Autism is the main form of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Autism is a developmental disorder that is manifested in problems with communication, impairment of social functioning, and repetitive behaviours. According to the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V), ASD diagnoses must meet four different areas of criteria. There are three symptoms of "deficits in social communication and interaction across contexts," four symptoms of "restricted, repetitive patterns of behaviour, interests, or activities," "symptoms must be present in early childhood," and the symptoms must "together limit and impair everyday functioning" (Carpenter, 2013). There are many theoretical positions on the causes of autism spectrum disorders. Some of which have been discounted by empirical studies that have been researched and performed.
The scientific definition of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a sever disorder of brain function marked by problems with social contact, intelligence and language, together with ritualistic or compulsive behavior and bizarre responses to the environment. With the newly release DSM-5 (2013), disorders previously referred to as early infantile autism, childhood autism, Kanner’s autism, high-function autism ,
Scientifically, autism and autism spectrum disorder, also known as ASD, are commonly used names for difficult disorders that have to do with brain development. Disorders like these are grouped by someone’s difficulty in social interaction, repetitive behaviors, and nonverbal communication. To the people who are diagnosed with this disorder and the families it affects; it is so much more than just science.
Autism: It is a complex neuro – behavioral condition which is characterized by difficulty in communicating, forming relationships, usage of language, basic social skills, understanding concepts, repetitive behavior etc. Also, called ASD (Autism Spectrum Disorder) the severity or the degree of the same may vary from an individual to an individual. Autism may be summed up as a developmental disability manifesting itself during the first 3 years of a person’s life. It may be relevant to mention that NO two individuals with Autism will have exactly the same symptoms – would range from mild to severe.
Trey is four years old boy and an only child, his both parent are Jamaicans. His parents are married, but Trey’s father lives in Jamaica, he communicates with his father by Skype and Phone calls. Trey’s mother migrated from Jamaica Ten years ago. Trey and his mother lives with his grandmother. Trey’s mother works full-time as a social-worker, so he spends most of the time with his grandmother. The family economic status is equivalent to a middle class family. The family household is well equipped with technology devices to assist with homework when Trey moves onto the primary grades and beyond.
The Autismspeaks.org definition of autism spectrum disorder is a “range of conditions characterized by challenges with social skills, repetitive behaviors, speech and nonverbal communication, as well as unique strengths and differences”. There are also different types of autism varying in severity and characteristics; this is why it is referred to as a spectrum disorder. Signs of autism most frequently tend to appear between the ages of two and three. An example of challenges with social skills would be that many people with autism have trouble making and keeping friends (autismspectrum.org.au).
Autism spectrum disorder is a spectrum of psychological conditions which all consist of problems pertaining to social interactions, communication, and highly repetitive behavior. There are three main forms of Autism spectrum disorder: Autism, Asperger syndrome, and Atypical Autism. Autism is a developmental disability which results from a neurological disorder that affects the normal functioning of the brain (Lord, Cook, Leventhal, & Amaral, 2013). It first appears during the stages of infancy to early childhood stages. Autism is a complex developmental disability that typically appears during the first three-five years of life. Autism is a result of a neurological disorder that affects the functioning of the brain (Carter, Messinger,
Tom is a three year old boy living with his mum, dad and sister (8 years old) in a Sydney suburb. Tom is not in childcare. Instead his mum stays at home with him four days a week, and his
Autism is a developmental disability that presents at an early age (typically under the age of three years) that can affect a child’s educational performance. Child and adults can have deficiencies in communication, social skills, and using language. People with autism tend to engage in motor/vocal stereotypy. The spectrum for autism has a wide range from mild to severe. To determine where a child falls on the spectrum many assessments can be administered.
Victoria is a 36 month toddler who goes by the nickname Vickie. She is the youngest child in the family and has two older sisters, one who is fourteen and the other is twenty. Her father is a stay at home dad who is unemployed and her mother works as a full time shipping handler for an electronic company. Her mother is in her early to mid 40s and her father is in his early 50s. She spends a majority of her time with her sisters and father at home watching television, reading, riding the bicycle, or drawing. She is relatively close to her siblings but spends most of her time playing alone because they are busy with school and homework on most days. Victoria spends more time with her father but her father is distant and acts as a supervisor when watching over her when she plays indoors and outdoors. Although her mother works full time, she is the primary caretaker at home because she supports the family financially, completes all the chores, attends and takes the children to extracurricular activities on a regular basis, and is more emotionally available and supportive than her father is. They live in a condo in Temple City located in the Los Angeles