Description Of The Disorder. What If You Were Physically

1455 WordsApr 9, 20176 Pages
Description of the Disorder What if you were physically paralyzed, conscious, and unable to communicate? You would feel locked-in, trapped in your body, constantly searching for a way to communicate with the outside world. Locked-in Syndrome is a rare condition in which a patient is unable to produce any form of movement or verbal communication. An individual with Locked-in Syndrome (LIS) is affected by tetraplegia, which is the partial or complete paralysis of the limbs in the human body (Villines, 2015); an additional symptom includes anarthria, or the inability to produce speech, which results from a loss of function in the speech muscles and a difficulty articulating words (Vega, 2016). Patients affected by LIS are often described as…show more content…
A patient with classical LIS has the potential to improve dramatically over a prolonged amount of time. In contrast, the recovery for patients with incomplete or total LIS may take more time and appears more difficult to accomplish. Symptoms of LIS are similar to those that occur during sleep paralysis; however, LIS is not considered a transitional state between being awake and asleep. Some characteristic of LIS include a difficulty breathing, and the inability to chew, swallow, speak, and control movements in the lower area of the face. Locked-in Syndrome is not more prevalent in any age, race, nor gender. However, individuals prone to stroke and traumatic brain injury victims are more likely to become locked-in. In addition, there is no standard course for this disorder; the development of LIS is abrupt, rather than progressive, and diagnosis may take years. Etiology and Associated Medical Information How can an individual be cognitively locked-in? Locked-in Syndrome can be caused by poisoning, brainstem strokes, infarctions, traumatic brain injuries, medication overdose, and progressive neurodegenerative diseases. Common neurodegenerative diseases that may potentially be affected by Locked-in Syndrome (LIS) include: amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, myelin loss, and the inflammation of nerves. LIS is often a result of damage afflicted on the pons, an area on the brainstem in charge of sensory and motor roles.
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