Description Of The Soviet Union

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Timeline: Soviet Union
Vladimir Lenin
Main player in 1917 Bolshevik revolution
1918: Survives assassination attempt
1924: Dies from a stroke; his tomb in Red Square becomes a shrine
- Bolsheviks overthrow provisional government led by Alexander Kerensky, with workers and sailors capturing government buildings and the Winter Palace in St Petersburg, and eventually taking over Moscow.
Civil War
- Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, according to which Russia ceded large tracts of land to Germany;
Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Ukraine, Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan proclaim their independence from Russia.
1918 – 20
- Civil war between Bolsheviks, or Reds, and anti-Bolsheviks, or Whites, ravages Russia. In northern Russia, British, French and US troops capture Murmansk and Archangel until 1919, while in the Russian Far East they occupy Vladivostok, which was held by the Japanese until 1922.
1918 – 21
- Policy of “war communism” enunciated, with the state taking control of the whole economy; millions of peasants in the Don region starve to death as the army confiscates grain for its own needs and the needs of urban dwellers.
Joseph Stalin
Dictator instigated purges, sent millions to labor camps
- Born in Georgia, 1879
- After Lenin’s death Stalin promotes himself as political heir and outmaneuvers rivals
- Forced agricultural collectivization, purges cost millions of lives
- Adoption of first Five-Year Plan, with the state setting goals and priorities for the
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