Descriptions of Hell's Structure in Canto 21 of Dante's Divine Comedy

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Is there a possibility that violence and fraud both have a lot in common? Is Dante’s reverence of the classical scholars more vivid in this canto despite his brevity? Does Virgil’s explanation of why usury was a sin convincing? Why did Dante raise the question on usury at this point since there seems to be no relevant connection to the other two main vices? These are the kinds of questions that make this canto very interesting. Canto XI offers us something different from all the action of the past by providing a map of what lies ahead; and what moral concepts would come to surface. In other words, Virgil gives Dante a quick overview of Hell’s structure.

This canto does two interesting things. It lays out the physical description of
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Is there a possibility that violence and fraud both have a lot in common? Is Dante’s reverence of the classical scholars more vivid in this canto despite his brevity? Does Virgil’s explanation of why usury was a sin convincing? Why did Dante raise the question on usury at this point since there seems to be no relevant connection to the other two main vices? These are the kinds of questions that make this canto very interesting. Canto XI offers us something different from all the action of the past by providing a map of what lies ahead; and what moral concepts would come to surface. In other words, Virgil gives Dante a quick overview of Hell’s structure.

This canto does two interesting things. It lays out the physical description of what lies ahead and provides the philosophical outline of the why the divisions in hell exist. The seventh circle, of which Dante and Virgil were about to descend into, deals with violence. The damned souls in this circle are divided up into three smaller circles: Those who inflict sins of violence on themselves, their neighbors, and against God (28 & 31). To elaborate further, the infliction of pain on oneself shows that the person disdains himself or herself while this same person should be doing the opposite. The second one applies to those possess malicious intent when inflicting harm on their victims and these include the murderers, plunderers, and robbers (37). How can one commit acts of violence against God? Although not physical,
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