Descriptive Essay About Cottonwood Trees

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Cottonwood Trees

Native to the United States, cottonwood trees’ preferred habitat in the wild include moist bottomland areas and around lakes and streams. Those wishing to add one to their landscape need to consider all aspects of the tree before planting, as the tree has a variety of drawbacks that don’t make it suitable for many locations.

Basic Description

Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoids), which is also its common name, is a fast-growing deciduous tree that obtains an additional 6-feet of growth yearly and reaches a mature height and width of 100-feet. Due to this habit of quick growth, the wood is soft and brittle, breaking easily in windy conditions.

Bark, Stems and Foliage

The bark and trunk on a mature cottonwood tree is deeply furrowed, thick and gray and with younger trees, the bark is a greenish-gray. Young stems and branches are a yellowish-green in color, changing to a grayish color as they age. Mature trees develop an open and irregular-shaped crown.

Foliage is thick and heart-shaped with coarse ridges lining the edges, averaging 2- to 6-inches long. During the growing season their color is green, changing to yellow during the fall before the foliage drops during the winter months. The several inch long and flattened petiole allow the leaves to flap from side to side in windy conditions.

Flowers and Seeds

Eastern cottonwood trees are dioecious, meaning there are male and female trees producing flowers, though the female trees are the ones

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