Descriptive Research Method

1058 WordsFeb 24, 20125 Pages
Descriptive Research Methods (Ch. 12) Case Studies: Detailed analysis of a single (or limited number) of people or events. Case studies are usually interesting because of the unusualness of the case (Three Faces of Eve, Mind of a Mnemonist) and/or the detail and apparent insightfulness of the conclusions drawn by the writer (e.g., Freud’s cases such as ‘Little Hans’). The major problem with case studies is the problem of objectivity. The person who is presenting the case usually has some theoretical orientation. It is acceptable for a theoretical orientation to affect one’s interpretation of events. In a case study the theoretical orientation can also lead to the selection of the facts to include in the case. It is not surprising…show more content…
Some archival research is quasi-experimental. An example of this is Ulrich’s analysis of recovery from surgery in rooms with a view of nature (trees) vs. rooms without such a view. What is the Meaning of the Descriptive Method in Research? By Alan Valdez, eHow Contributor Descriptive statistics can be used to summarize the results of descriptive research. Descriptive research is concerned with the description of data and characteristics about a population. The goal is the acquisition of factual, accurate and systematic data that can be used in averages, frequencies and similar statistical calculations. Descriptive studies seldom involve experimentation, as they are more concerned with naturally occurring phenomena than with the observation of controlled situations. The Five Ws Descriptive research is concerned with the description of the existing distribution of variables, as opposed to theory building. Or, in plain language, descriptive studies focus on answering the basic W questions: Who, what, when, where. The fifth W, "why" falls outside of the scope of descriptive research, that by definition must not concern itself with the effect that one variable has on another. Descriptive Methods There are many tools available to the researcher interested in descriptive studies. Case studies can provide a detailed analysis of a single

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