Designing A New Type Of Internal Combustion Engine

10284 Words Jun 11th, 2015 42 Pages
Chapter 1
INTRODUCTION

The intention of Rudolf Diesel to provide a new type of internal combustion engine operating with higher efficiency than conventional steam and Otto cycle engines, and that could be operated on many types of fuels. The engine cycle developed by diesel involves injection of fuel into a volume of air heated by compression. Over the course of history, the durable and efficient diesel engine has replaced other less efficient modes of power production, including steam engines in the railroad industry. A diesel engine or compression-ignition (C.I.) engine is an internal combustion engine that uses the heat of compression to initiate ignition to burn the fuel, which is injected into the combustion chamber.

The global warming is caused of emissions like carbon monoxide (CO2), sulphur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxides (NOx). In power system of using petroleum fuels, these components are emitted through the combustion process. Concerning environmental damage the transport sector has a clear responsibility. Its part in global warming potential has increased from year by year and now bigger than those of the domestic and industrial sectors, while it highly constitutes the total emissions of this pollution type. Diesel engines are mainly used in many fields, including electric production, transport of passenger and cargo, industrial and agricultural activities.

Petroleum fuels are being used in diesel engines, which have a wide range of use in all sectors.…
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