Despite Being One Of The Most Common Disabilties, Those

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Despite being one of the most common disabilties, those with learning disabilities look just like any other children and in their age-group or grade and can perform at the same level as others in some areas. They might, however, perform inconsistently, succeeding in one day in a spelling test, and failing on it the next day (Smith et al, 2016).

Definition, Identification, and Characteristics

Specific learning disability is defined by Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) as “disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or using language, spoken or written [that] may manifest itself in an imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or do mathematical calculations”
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Educators often use the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children –IV (WISC-IV). Another type of test is the norm-referenced achievement test, which compares a student with his or her grade or age-level peers regarding performance. An example is The Wechsler Individualized Achievement Test, Second Edition (WIAT-II), which tests academic skills in mathematics, reading, and written language. These tests, which are predominantly used, identify when students are not achieving at their expected level of ability. The Response-to-Intervention Model is another process that determines whether the student responds to scientifically research-based intervention called the response to intervention (RtI). Apart from being used for instruction, it is also able to pinpoint students with learning disabilities and give suggestions for optimal instruction. The Cognitive Assessment Model is a psychological processing assessment or neuropsychological assessment identifies students’ strengths and weaknesses with regards to psychological processing, including processing speed and working memory. The Comprehensive Test of Phonological Processing is a standard way to appraise the current level of student’s performance in relation to memory, awareness, and rapid naming. It locates students whose achievement falls significantly below their peers,’ determines

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