Detective Fiction & Sir Arthur Conan Doyle Essay

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According to the English crime writer P.D. James (1920-) “for a book to be described as detective fiction there must be a central mystery and one that by the end of the book is solved satisfactorily and logically, not by good luck or intuition, but by intelligent deduction from clues honestly if deceptively presented.” (James. 2009: 16). This is traditionally conducted via a detective; a figure deployed within the narrative structure ‘whose occupation is to investigate crimes’ (Oxford. 2006: 202). Therefore detective fiction represents an enigma, a puzzle to be solved through an intriguing series of events and clues presented by the writer to its audience; that are taken on a journey through a process of reasoning, elimination and…show more content…
2005: 16). However it was during the eighteenth century in Great Britain “came the beginnings of immense social and economic changes and the consequent movement of the population to the towns…conditions became intolerable and led to the formation of the "New Police"…in 1829 the first Metropolitan Police Act was passed.” (Mayor’s Office. 2012). Over a decade later the Detective Police Department was formed in London, England in (1842), enabling the rise, popularity and mass publication of detective fiction as a genre. (Priestman. 2003: xi).
However, arguably and ostensibly the roots and traditional form of detective fiction as recognised in contemporary society stem from the nineteenth century American author Edgar Allan Poe (1809-1849) and his work The Murders in the Rue Morgue (1841). As argued by the twenty first century author and professor of English; Martin Priestman “the detective story was invented in 1841 by Edgar Allan Poe, who acknowledged some debt to the structure as well as content of William Godwin’s earlier novel Caleb Williams (1794). In the 1860’s the form pioneered in Poe’s short stories at last found a way into the novels of Emile Gaboriau in France and
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