Deteriorating Patients And Clinical Reasoning

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It is widely known that early recognition of a deteriorating patient can contribute largely to a successful outcome, through recognising and taking action on the deteriorating health status of the patient (National Consensus Statement, 2010). This report will explore the ways in which deteriorating patients and clinical reasoning are used in the public health care system in New South Wales (NSW).

Through basic observations, health professionals are able to evaluate the performance of an individual’s health status. In relation to Casey, it is noted in her Observation Chart that in the time span of two hours the patient’s health status had changed from being relatively normal (to the patient) to an increased respiratory rate, heart rate and temperature as well as a decrease in blood pressure. It is also noted that the patient has a score of 8 in the pain scale (compared to the score of zero two hours previously), relating to the lower abdomen. Programs such as Between the Flags acknowledges the fact that the early recognition of deterioration of patients can reduce harm to patients through designing and implementing systems which provide a structural response in the event of a deteriorating patient, such as Rapid Response and Clinical Review. There are two phases involved in the rapid response, which includes the afferent phase and the efferent phase. The afferent phase focuses on the overall monitoring and recognising the deteriorating patient whereas
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