Determinism of Human Behavior Essay

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Determinism of Human Behavior

Have you ever wondered why we do the things we do? Why might we get physical when we are angry? Why might we cry when we’re in pain? Why? What motivates us to behave the way we do in the numerous different situations we get ourselves into? Although there are many different answers that people could give us, there are two theories in particular that are highly debated with each other. One argument is that behaviour is determined through free will, known as libertarianism. Free will, by definition, is the notion that we are free to make our own decisions and are thus in control of our behaviour. By this, however, it is not meant that you can behave in a way
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Kant argues is that if there is no freewill, there cannot be morality. In other words, you can only be penalized for your actions if you are doing them out of your own free will and thus can be held responsible for them. So if someone kills someone else with a motive, that person is undoubtedly punished because of their having a choice to do otherwise. If someone with a mental illness kills someone else however, they may have not been able to do otherwise and therefore may not be held responsibility for their actions[2]. For Kant, it is moral freewill that is the most applicable in our lives today. On some level, the idea that everything we do is being controlled by forces is quite a depressing picture to accept, which is why the Humanistic approach in psychology has rejected this theory and instead also opts for the concept of libertarianism. Humanists such as Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow believe that choice is implemented in people’s behaviour, and the notion that we have no free will in our behaviour is said to be ‘de-humanizing’. This is because humanists tend to look at it from the perspective of ‘Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs’, which centralizes around ‘self-actualization’. Overall, psychologists believing libertarianism see behaviour as an act based on our character and…