Developing An Understanding Of Diabetes Care. To Understand

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Developing an Understanding of Diabetes Care

To understand diabetes you need to understand what should happen to the food we consume. Any food we eat or drink passes into the stomach and digestive system where it is broken down into carbohydrates, protein, fats, and vitamins. The carbohydrates are then broken down into glucose which is then released into the bloodstream. Once this happens the glucose level increases in the blood so the body’s reaction to that is for the pancreas to release a hormone called insulin. Both the insulin and glucose then travel via the bloodstream to all the cells in the body where the insulin then enables the glucose to enter the cells. We need glucose to reach our cells as it provides fuel for energy.
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In Type 2 diabetes some insulin is being produced. (2017) states ‘In Type 2 diabetes, the body doesn’t make enough insulin, or the insulin it makes doesn’t work properly, meaning glucose builds up in the blood’. It usually occurs in older, overweight people and symptoms develop over a longer time period. Symptoms can include excessive thirst, going to the toilet to pass urine a lot more than usual including having to get up in the night to do this. Feeling tired all the time. Unexplained weight loss. Genital itching, thrush, cuts and wounds not healing as quickly as they should, and blurred vision. This is not an exhaustive list as there are rarer symptoms that can develop. The treatment for controlling Type 2 diabetes depends on the level of glucose found in the blood. This can be by diet and/or medication.

There are several risk factors which can contribute to a person developing Type 2 Diabetes. These are: Family history i.e. a first degree relative (Mother, Father, Sibling) who has diabetes. Age – middle age (over 40) onwards or over 25 if Asian. Obesity – once a person is classed as obese (over 20% above ideal bodyweight). Waist circumference – men over 37 inches and women over 311/2 inches. Ethnicity – Type 2 diabetes is more prevalent in the Asian, African-Caribbean or Black African community. (2017) states ‘Type 2 diabetes is 2 to 4 times more likely in people
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