Developing Aquaculture Systems And Aquatic Animal Health Management

1872 Words Aug 17th, 2016 8 Pages
REVIEW NOTE ON THE APPLICATION OF METAGENOMICS IN EMERGING AQUACULTURE SYSTEMS AND AQUATIC ANIMAL HEALTH MANAGEMENT
1. ABSTRACT:
Microbes are the abundant biological entities found in the biosphere. Identification and measurement of microorganisms (including viruses, bacteria, fungi and protists) cannot be completely achieved due to limitations in culture methods. Over the past decade, “Metagenomics,” which are culture-independent genomics analysis of microbes, has been developed to overcome those problems. Metagenomics are the study of the collective genomes of the members of a microbial community. This paper would bring a basic knowledge about the metagenomics, related technology applied in the field of fisheries and their application of modern genomics techniques in aquatic animal health management, aquaculture dealing with microbial diversity, microcosms, antibiotic resistance genes, detection of pathogens microbial communities forming bioflocs and Probiotics.
2. KEYWORDS:
Metagenomics, Bioflocs, Probiotics, Technology, Fisheries

3. INTRODUCTION: Microbes were the abundant biological entities found in the biosphere. Identification and measurement of microorganisms (including viruses, bacteria, fungi and protists) cannot be completely achieved due to limitations in culturing methods. Micro organism communities were important in the functioning of all ecosystems, but the unculturable microorganisms and their role in natural ecosystems were unclear. Metagenomics was based…
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