Developing Negative Views Through Judgments

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Developing negative views through judgments is a form of stereotypical evidence known to be caused by attribution biases. Stereotypes are formed when we judge specific types of people based on their behaviour, views and opinions. When trying to understand others we may make mistakes when judging and these become biases in attribution. These negative views we make can include anger, anxiety and hostility and Martinko et al. (2006; as cited in Martinko, Harvey & Douglas, 2007) argued it is highly likely to feel these emotions in relation to attribution biases.
The attribution theory, first proposed by Heider (1958) argued people are naïve psychologists trying to make sense of the social world by connecting observable behaviour with
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Jones and Harris (1967) found this when presenting American subjects with essays either for or against the Castro government in Cuba, with the task being to estimate the writer’s true opinion towards this. Subjects were informed the writers were either told which argument to focus on as part of a political exam or chose themselves. The findings revealed though attention was paid to the situation (whether the writer had a choice) it was significantly underestimated indicating the participants were influenced by the views expressed by the writer who was allowed to choose. Consequently negative judgments may form if the strong influential views are distracting and prominent thus causing situational factors to be forgotten. A similar study by Fein, Hilton and Miller (1990; as cited in Eysenck, 2002) also asked participants to read a student essay on a controversial topic. The student was again assigned to write in favour or against, or they chose what view to argue knowing the professor marking it had strong views about it. Participants were later told this student’s view was the same as the professor. The results showed those who thought the student had been assigned the view made the FAE indicating the expressed view was the student’s true view. Additionally those who thought the student had a good reason for hiding their true opinion (in this case pleasing the professor) did not reflect their true opinions. The FAE hence makes ones
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