Developing Personal Computer Software Systems

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Introduction Transnational corporations refer to “corporations that have their home base in one country and branches, or affiliates, in other countries” (Mooney 2015, 213). An example of such corporation is Microsoft. Microsoft was founded by Bill Gates and Paul Allen in 1975 (Microsoft, 2016). It is “the worldwide leader in software, services, devices and solutions that help people and businesses realize their full potential” (Microsoft, 2016). In addition to developing personal-computer software systems and applications, it “publishes books and multimedia titles, offers e-mail services, and sells electronic game systems, computer peripherals, and portable media players” as well (Zachary, 2016). The company has sales offices worldwide.…show more content…
In 2015, the company workforce was 59.2 percent Caucasian, 29.3 percent Asian, 5.4 percent Hispanic or Latino, 3.5 percent American African, 1.3 percent multi-racial, 0.5 percent American Indian or Alaskan native, and 0.3 percent Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander (Microsoft, 2015). Males occupied 73.1 percent of the total company workforce, while females occupied 26.8 percent (Microsoft, 2015). Microsoft has 4 main operation centers located differently: (1) Licensing, Manufacturing, Operations and Logistics in Dublin, Ireland; (2) Manufacturing in Humacao, Puerto Rico; (3) Licensing and Operations in Reno, Nevada; and (4) Operations and Logistics in Singapore (Microsoft, 2016). There are production facilities, for manufacturing of phones for instance, in Masan, South Korea (1984), Beijing, China (1995), Dongguan, China (1995), Manaus, Brazil (1998), Komárom, Hungary (1999), Chennai, India (2006), Reynosa, Mexico (1996), and Hanoi, Vietnam (2013) (Microsoft, 2016). There has been a debate on the effects of transnational corporations. This brings about the question: should Microsoft and other transnational corporations continue to operate the way they have been? Using the conflict perspective, Microsoft needs to address the negative impacts it brings upon as a transnational corporation. Effects on Other Countries Microsoft, as a transnational corporation, can certainly bring about different effects on the countries in which it has offices or plants. This can be
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