Developing a Set of Guidelines for Conducting Performance Appraisal for Preceptors
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There is a gap that is left between the classroom time and clinical area for practitioners in nursing. To bridge the gap, preceptorship method is applied. These preceptorship sessions are used to prepare the undergraduate nurses and give them experience. A receptor is a registered nurse who has experience in the actual field and is usually enthusiastic about the profession and has aspiration to teach (Myrick & Yonge, 2005).
The preceptor is charged with the role of creating the atmosphere that facilitates effective learning and assignments for the students in every session. He helps students set goals that are realistic and hence determine the outcomes expected from the student. He or she organizes and directs the learning experience and designates responsibilities to the student. Preceptor motivates students as they pursue the activities outlined in the course outline. He or she is responsible for demonstrating the activities that are expected of the student to perform. He or she demonstrates skilled relations with patients. Preceptor models the students thinking by allowing use of 'think aloud' technique which serves to give feedback to students on means of solving problems.
Preceptor is responsible for conducting assessment of the students' abilities to manage assignments of clinical work (Myrick & Yonge, 2005). He or she knows the circumstances when a student may need direct supervision and where the student can work independently.