Development Of A Child 's Cognitive And Physical Development

811 WordsJun 18, 20154 Pages
Human development involves a series of complex stages which bring about pivotal changes in a child’s cognitive and physical development. Ozretich and Bowman suggest other periods of rapid growth through middle childhood and adolescence such as moral development, self-concept, psychological and emotional traits, relationships to adults including parents, and peer relationships (2008). Undoubtedly, these dramatic psychosocial changes, when integrated with other biological fluctuations, impact children in a tremendously significant manner. For instance, puberty begins approximately between the ages of eight and eleven: this is considered to be the middle childhood periods. Girls appear to experience the most changes since this is when menstruation manifests itself and propagates different and more varied hormonal changes within the female anatomy. However, psychosocially, both sexes may experience “logical thinking with limited ability to extend logic to abstract concepts; disdain for imaginative and illogical thinking of early childhood” (Ozretich & Bowman, 2008). Social development is an additional component of a child’s growth and includes self-worth based on material assets, academic skills and athletic abilities. This may also be considered the “egocentric” stage of moral human development which involves the development of a “conscience”, morals and values which are assimilated through interaction with parents, peers, as well as, other adults, such as teachers,
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