Development Of Indi A Critique Of Nehruvian Model Essay
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Governance and Development in India: A Critique of Nehruvian Model
Dr. Nivedita Giri
Asst. Professor, Dept. of Political Science
Kalindi College, University of Delhi Despite over six decades of planning and impressive growth in the Indian economy over the last two decades, the development scenario leaves a lot to desire. The urban areas are somewhat better equipped for a reasonably decent life than the rural areas, despite mushrooming slums. There are several explanations and theories on the poor state of development in India.
This paper makes an attempt to understand the concept of governance and development, and their correlation. The Nehruvian model of development prescribes the four pillars for this, they are: Parliamentary democracy, secularism, economic planning, and a welfare state. Nehru had laid the foundations for the economic growth of the nation as the first Prime Minister of the country, though four per cent growth in his era was ridiculed as a ‘Hindu rate of growth’, his regime should be appreciated for giving the proper direction to the new nation. His model is so profound and practicable that it is still relevant today even after economic liberalization. Since 1990s, India has undergone major changes introduced in the form of economic reforms. On the one hand, while a centralized interventionist state has been challenged by an increasingly decentralized and regulatory state, on the other, the growing importance of free market economy has forced its vast