Development Of Philosophical And Theological Nursing Practice

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Development of Philosophical and Theological Nursing Practice It is historically documented that fundamental nursing practices are based in the concepts of caring (Alligood, 2014; Leininger, 1997). Caring in nursing is not exclusive to physiological variables, but also include social and cultural (May, 1992; Neuman & Fawcett, 2001). Nurses aspire to understand the client system holistically through use of the nursing process so that a nurse may be able to provide individualized interventions to support the needs of the client system (Henderson, 2006). Christian nurses aspire to understand the client system holistically through the use of the nursing process, but also provide care based on the teachings of Jesus Christ (Shelly & Miller, 2006). Maslow (Maslow, 1943) identified client system needs as a “general-dynamic” theory synthesized from existing and unique psychological research to better understand humanity’s “integrated wholeness” but did not identify specific holistic care interventions (p. 370-371). Nursing often applies Maslow’s theory of human motivation to classify priority needs with primary cultural, physiological, and social client systems (Audrey Berman & Shirlee Snyder, 2012). Within these cultural, physiological and social systems are philosophical and theological perspectives regarding the nature of man or woman, health and illness, suffering, death, and appropriate nursing care. Nurses must develop a professional philosophy that manages and betters

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