Development Stages children 0-8

1531 WordsOct 8, 20137 Pages
Assignment 1. 1. Summarise the main development of a child from the age range 0-2 years, 3-5 years and 5-8 years. 0-2 Years Newborn babies grow extremely quickly. During ‘Infancy’, which lasts from birth to eighteen months, babies change from a helpless newborn, to a child who can lift up their own head at three months, sit up unsupported at six months, walk at sixteen months and kick and throw a ball at two years old. Newborn babies actually lose some of their birth weight to begin with, but then begin to gain on average 18-19 grams per day. From the age of three months, babies will grow 2.5-3.8 centimetres in length and gain 700-900 grams in weight, each month. From six months of age, the growth rate slows to around 450-600…show more content…
Children need to be kept active and motivated to develop and grow properly. They need to be stimulated and encouraged and be given access to play areas and age appropriate toys and equipment. A lack of stimulation can result in the child progressing slower and not as well as others of the same age. A serious accident or illness can have a huge impact on a child’s growth and development and even less serious accidents and illnesses can delay development, as children can become clingy and withdrawn. Loss of a loved one also often impacts on their development. Some children are able to cope with it better and show their feelings freely, where others can try to hide their feelings to protect friends and family. Signs of aggression and withdrawal are often seen. The separation or divorce of parents can have a social and emotional effect on their development. Children can feel anxious and scared, as if their whole world has been turned upside down. Many experience feelings of anger, guilt and sorrow and can become aggressive, argumentative, withdrawn and tearful. Children from under developed countries often suffer with malnutrition, which plays a major role in inhibiting their growth and development progress. Children from higher social / economic classes are often taller than
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