Development Technical Department Of Nigeria And Nigeria

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Between 2003 and 2009, poverty fell from 22% to 7% in Brazil. In the same timeframe, income among the poor in Brazil increased seven times as fast as that of the rich. These results came, in large part, because of Brazil’s cash transfer program, Bolsa Familia which presented the country’s poorest households with cash transfers conditional upon meeting health and education standards for their children. Thanks to results like these, the world paid attention to CT programs and began to copy them, including in Africa. The results have been mixed but more hopeful than not. CT programs offer a qualified hope for African development provided that the programs have an adequate scope, proper accountability measures and institutional strength as seen through the case studies of Malawi and Nigeria.
Many African governments chose to adopt CT programs in the last decade and a half. Charity Moore, a lead at Harvard Kennedy School 's Evidence for Policy Design and Marito Garcia a lead Economist at the Human Development Technical Department of World Bank’s Africa Region conducted research for the World Bank on CT programs. They found that 120 programs have been implemented in Africa between 2000 and 2009. Despite variances in size, scope and structure, the fundamental premise of the programs remain the same. They aim to provide the poorest households with the funds needed to meet basic needs. This then creates the necessary margin and stability for poor households to make wise long-term
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