Development Theories

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Development Theories Sara Nackowicz Psy : 104 Child and Adolescent Development Karen Williams 9/17/12 Page One Development Theories In this paper I will talk about three of the development theories which are personality structure, psychosexual development and psychosocial development. All three of these developments are very important in a child’s life and helps them become who they are and I will explain how and why in this paper. According to Sigmund Freud in our text, there are three essential components: the id, the ego, and the superego. The id stage is more of a selfish state where everything is about you and only you. For an example when you are an infant everything is about you and only you. According…show more content…
According to Sigmund Freud, in psychosexual development the child is discovering their own body in different ways. The first stage is the oral stage where they infant is putting everything in their mouths. According to WIKI, “In Freudian psychoanalysis, the term oral stage denotes the first psychosexual development stage where in the mouth of the infant is his or her primary erogenous zone.” The mouth is very important for eating and drinking and the babies Page Four Development Theories start to figure this out and learn that it is gratifying when eating and sucking. For an example, babies put a bottle or nipple for feeding or even toys for teething. Babies are so fascinated over their mouths and with them teething it feels good for them to chew on something firm and sometimes when it is cold like a frozen teething ring. The second stage is the anal stage where the child is about two or three years of age and it is time for them to start toilet training. Also according to WIKI, “The anal stage is the second stage in Sigmund Freud’s theory of psychosexual development, lasting from age 18 months to three years. According to Sigmund Freud, the anus is the primary erogenous zone and pleasure is derived from controlling bladder and bowel movement.” With babies learning how to use the toilet they become fascinated over their body parts too. Now according to Victorian Web Home, “At
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