Development of Human Intelligence Essay

1910 Words 8 Pages
This paper will highlight the development of human intelligence (HUMINT) and the importance of it in intelligence operations. HUMINT can provide information in areas that technical intelligence cannot and also drive the collection requirements of these disciplines when additional evidence is needed. HUMINT is critical in espionage efforts and has undergone the greatest changes from the start of the Cold War to the launch of the War on Terrorism.
Definition of HUMINT
Human Intelligence or HUMINT is intelligence that is collected through espionage commonly by sending clandestine officers to foreign countries in an attempt to recruit spies and gather valuable information. HUMINT can be collected through overt methods, openly known, or
…show more content…
It would progress through ONI, and later the Army’s military information section, with the use of military and naval attaché’s worldwide providing intelligence on naval bases, shipyards, weaponry, and anything else that would be of use on the U.S. Navy’s possible adversaries. Attaché’s used secret agents to gather information that they couldn’t collect themselves and during the war when the demand for intelligence increased; the Army’s attaché system wouldn’t be established until the U.S. entered WWI. After WWII, President Truman signed the National Security Act of 1947 which created the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA); one of the three primary purposes to create a window into Stalin’s thoughts and ambitions particularly when it came to Western Europe. When it was reasoned that U.S. espionage should remain covert, CIA, under the provisions of the National Security Act of 1947, was directed to conduct HUMINT operations; operations grew enormously from 1948 to 1952.
Importance of HUMINT
The authors of the Dulles Report in 1948 indicated that communist countries provided little open source intelligence and that clandestine means were the only way to gain any information. Even today, CIA employs several intelligence disciplines which utilize human, signals, geospatial, measurements and signature intelligence which combined and analyzed correctly, result in successful operations. However, when
Open Document