Development of the European Union

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What would become the European Union developed out of a need to negate the war-making potential of European powers, namely Germany as well as to foster economic recovery in countries whose economies were all but destroyed. It was thought that tying the main armaments-making resources, coal and steel, together in a supernational organisation responsible for its management would serve both roles. It has been developing since 1951 and keeps evolving. What one sees as a transformation from something similar to a customs union not too unlike Benelux, to a political union and finally a monetary union, albeit an incomplete one. The fundamental bodies that comprise what is now the European Union are still for the most part based on the spirit of the Treaties of Rome. The development of the EU as whole will be explored as well as the bodies that comprise it. How those bodies have improved as well as any weaknesses that still characterise them will be explained.

As mentioned above what would become the EU began as the European Coal and Steel Community in 1952. With the signing of the Treaty of Paris, the framework was laid for a common administration amongst European states. With coal and steel being two of the most crucial commodities in the wars that tore the continent apart in the 20th Century, it seemed a logical place to start. A supernational authority, known as the “High Authority” made decisions by which member states would be bound, decisions which put interests
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