Development vs Environment

4686 Words Sep 20th, 2012 19 Pages
DEVELOPMENT VERSUS ENVIRONMENT: THE CLASSIC DILEMMA

INTRODUCTION
“For the greenest of environmentalists, humans are of lesser importance than the abundant and diverse flora and fauna of the planet. Humans are defined as a recent addition to the livestock and are considered to have been a wholly disruptive influence on a world which was paradise before their arrival.”[1]
The condition of the environment today is well known to all and sundry. Deforestation, global warming, climate change, toxic pollution, and many more harmful phenomena, have spread all over the world at a pace so fast that the people of the world have had no time to react to it effectively. All over, the loss
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The globalisation of environmental law describes the increasing scope of each member of the international community’s legal interest (and right) in the conservation and use of the environment and natural resources. International environment agreements have continuously expanded the boundaries of common responsibility, and UNCED endorsed the general principle that States have a “common responsibility” for environmental protection and sustainable development.
The legal interest which a state has can be translated into a legal right of equitable access to, and use of, a particular environmental resource, and a legal responsibility to prevent harm to it. While the precise extent and legal nature of that interest will differ as a result of the particular attribution, the responsibility of each State to prevent harm to them, in particular by the adoption of national environmental standards and international environmental obligations, will also differ. Broadly speaking, the difference could define the nature and extent of the international environmental obligations of developed and developing countries.[3]
For all members of the international community the implications of extending the notion of common responsibility to one of general application, as reflected in the the United Nations Conference