Developmental Psychologist Erik Erikson 's Stages Of Psychosocial Development

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Developmental psychologist Erik Erikson changed the way that people viewed the psychosocial development in humans throughout their lifespan. Using the foundation provided by Freud’s psychosexual stages, he modified the concepts to where they demonstrated external impacts on development as well as making it more about emotional conflicts than necessarily physical drives. This eight-stage theory is sequential, and requires the person to overcome conflicts in each stage to become a productive member of society ( These stages are: trust versus mistrust, autonomy versus shame, initiative versus guilt, industry versus inferiority, identity versus role confusion, intimacy versus isolation, generativity versus stagnation, and integrity versus despair. Starting from birth, a human begins their journey into forming their personality. The foundation begins with trust versus mistrust. From birth, a baby needs immediate care in order to be safe and secure in their brand new environment. Up to around one years old, this stage emphasizes the importance of a caregiver to be consistent and reliable in providing for the needs of the infant. That way, the child will develop a sense of security in trust in the unknown world to which they have recently been exposed to
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