Developmental Theories

714 Words3 Pages
Developmental Theories Introduction Developmental theories are propositions that view crimes, holding the perception that as people undergo life transitions, their experiences influence their behavioral characteristics and patterns. These inevitable behavioral characteristics do change at different points of life. They are also used to seek out the identification, description and comprehension of the factors explaining the inception and continuation of criminal professions. The theories also seem to find the assertion behind the why people engage in criminal and the reason behind their ability in altering the trajectory of their progress in criminal involvement. These theories are distinctively categorized in two broad categories that are contextualized in this paper, the latent trait and life course theories. Latent Trait Theory This theory proposes on the reflection that criminal behavior is usually driven by a dominating trait that is available in an individual at the stage of birth and afterbirth. This existence of this trait is not derivative of the change a person experiences in the course of his or her life (Ritzer, 2011, pg 100). The trait is usually stable and does not change in the life process of a human. It is also asserted in this theory that the master trait responsible in directing the behavioral characteristics in a human. Some of these theories proponents are Michael Gottfreson and Travis Hirschi. They significantly contribute to the
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