Early design aircrafts were manufactured from many materials with poor properties that would develop problems in the aircraft’s life and performance. In early aircrafts, such as the Wright Flyer, were constructed from Stika spruce, which is a natural type of fibrous composite material. This material gave the aircraft many issues, one of them being fungal rot which then imposing a change in the design of aircraft material. This then brought the introduction of other alternate materials; such as aluminium, which was a boost in aircraft performance and operational life. As the evolvement of the aerospace industry reaches the 1970s, the use of composite materials has increased rapidly. By this time, other materials were introduced to the development of an efficient aircraft such as steel and titanium.
Composite materials are defined as materials that are created from two or more components with considerably different chemical or physical properties. They are designed in such a way, that when combined together, can produce materials with characteristics completely different from the component being as an individual. The new materials may be used and desired due to its positive reasons such as:
• Stronger material
• Lighter weight
• And also less in costs when compared to the previous traditional material
As mentioned above, composite materials are now being used in a wide range in the Aircraft Industry. They have now allowed the engineers to design and overcome difficult