Deviance: Social Control Essay

772 Words Dec 9th, 2005 4 Pages
In today's world deviance is everywhere.Where did it come from ? I want to know what is deviance and what reasons adoes it exist .So in this paper I will discover these answers. Deviance is any behavior that does not conform to the prevailing norms of a society.Deviance is the recognized violation of cultural norms .Deviance is measured by sociteis reaction , its is measured by societies life style ,only behavior that is defined unacceptable in a culture is deviant. Deviance violates some groups assumptions about reality. deviance violates social order. It violates expectations. Deviance is a label used to maintain the power, control, and position of a powerful individual or group.
Certain groups deviate from social norms because of
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Having no resources equals strain,and pressure which forces deviant behavior.Structural Strain Theory says that people are at different levels of income,and therefore all have different access to resources to achieve socially shared goals and who cannot reach goal turn to deviance.

Choice theory can also help to explain deviances . Rational choice theory is a concept which says that if choices are given to society , society will make the right choice or the one that they benefit most from.With deviance if a choice is given the individual will weigh the options and take the immediate benefits over the consequences which will arise later down the road.

Interactive Perspective says that deviance does not just come out of just no where but it is formed in the interactions by the individuals involved.The INTERACTIONperspective also says that all things are learned in small groups such as the skills and techniques to perfrom a deviant act. The symbolic-interaction focuses on the creation of deviance as a social process. Also Labelling Theories also play a hand in deviance.It is the idea that does not come from what people do, but from others respond to those actions. There are 2 types of deviance .The first is Primary Deviation, where the deviant acts are not publicly labelled The next is Secondary Deviation where deviant acts that are produced by societies reaction .
Sutherland's Differential Association Theory or the learnig theory says that deviance is
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