Devolution of Local Government in the Philippines

5838 Words Oct 5th, 2010 24 Pages
DECENTRALIZATION AND DEMOCRATIZATION

In the later part of the 20th Century there has been a dramatic shift in the manner governments around the world managed their states. Instead of having a centralized form of government, most nation nation-state now somehow adopts the idea of shifting some of the national or central powers to the local government units. This shifting of powers is called Decentralization. Decentralization is the transfer of planning, decision making, or administrative authority from the central government to its field organizations, local governments, and nongovernmental organizations as defined by Rondinellei and Cheema. According to de Guzman and Padilla, decentralization is the dispersal of authority and
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It is also called as “political decentralization and involves the transfer of power, responsibility and resources for the performance of certain functions from the national to the local governments”[9]. Its fundamental characteristics are: a. Local government units (LGU’s) are autonomous, independent and clearly perceived as a separate level of government over which central authorities exercise little or no direct control. b. LGU’s have clear and legally recognized geographical boundaries within which they exercise authority and perform public functions. c. LGU’s have corporate status and have the power to secure resources to perform the function. Lastly, d. Devolution implies the needs to develop local governments as institutions. This is an arrangement in which there is reciprocal relationship between central and local governments. The LGU’s has the ability to interact reciprocally with other units in the system of government of which it is part.

Lastly, Nongovernmental Organizations (NGO) and Community Organizations is used to “decongest the government by mobilizing the NGOs and COs for planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of government programs which will make government actions more responsive to the needs and demands of those who truly deserve government assistance and may minimize graft and corruption while injecting cause-orientedness in the bureaucracy”[10]

There are mixed motives and causes of the shift to

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