Diabetes : A Disease Characterized By High Levels Of Blood Glucose

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Introduction Diabetes is a disease characterized by high levels of blood glucose caused by problems in insulin production, working of the produced insulin, or even both, which results in serious complications and ultimately death (National Diabetes Education Program, 2007). Type 2 diabetes, however, occurs when the body cannot produce enough insulin or make use of insulin the body produces effectively. Report shows that 29.1 million or 9.3% people in the U.S. have diabetes, 21.0 million diagnosed, 8.1 million undiagnosed, and Hispanic in the U.S. are nearly as twice 12.8% to have diabetes compared to non-Hispanic whites 7.6% (CDC, 2014). The prevalence of diabetes among Hispanic adults ages 20 and older is approximately 8.5% for Central and South Americans, 9.3% for Cubans, 13.9% for Mexican Americans, and 14.8% for Puerto Ricans (CDC, 2014). The estimated total cost of diabetes in the U.S. the year 2012 includes: direct and indirect cost $245 billion, direct medical cost 176 billion, and indirect cost including disability, work loss, and premature death 69 billion (CDC, 2014). Borrell, Dallo, and White (2006) found that “Hispanics exhibited a significant relation between diabetes and having less than a high-school education,” indicating that education level is both a predictor of diabetes presence and a significant barrier to diabetes disease process and treatment knowledge seen in this population. Normally, type 2 diabetes develops in patients over 40; however, with
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