Diabetes And Its Effects On The Body

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Introduction According to the ADA (Americans Diabetes Association) in 2010 the prevalence of diabetes mellitus in America was 25.8 million, and in 2012 it went up to 29.1 million which is 9.3% of the population. Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disease that interferes with the body’s natural insulin processes. Diabetes mellitus can present in the form of type 1 or type 2. The research article focused on type 2 diabetes and its effects on the body. Exercise is a good way for someone with type 2 diabetes to manage themselves. However with this disease it would important to know what type of intensities that diabetics would be more optimal. A randomized clinical trial was conducted of what exercise intensity high or moderate would be…show more content…
Subjects had to meet the ADA criteria to be considered diabetic, and to make sure that exercise would not be a contraindication were checked by the American Heart Association (AHA) (Taylor, 1722). Participants of the experiment were pre-examined by collecting health histories from each individual. Any subject with symptoms, or diseases, or history of diseases that would hinder the ability to perform in the exercise training were excluded from the experiment. The subjects were randomly allocated by a computer-generated program to the moderate group or high intensity group. For both groups exercise, both resistive and aerobic, was prescribed by the ADA, AHA and the American College of Sport Medicine (ACSM) for people with type 2 diabetes (Taylor, 1721). The authors wanted to address safety for subjects so they had them on isotonic resistance machines instead of free weights. Resistance devices used were: chest press, seated row, leg press and seated isolation knee extensions. Aerobic training was walking on a treadmill for this experiment. Both groups under went 8-Repetition Maximum (8-RM) testing for each of the resistance devices (Taylor, 1722). The Mod group exercise was 4 sets of 8 and 75% of their 8-RM, and the High group had to go 100% of their 8-RM for their 4 sets of 8. Aerobically the Mod group had to do 20 minutes on the treadmill at 30% to 45% of their heart rate reserve. The High group had to do 20
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