Diabetes Assessment

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Student Network Resources Inc. ©2003-2011 Diabetes Assessment Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce enough insulin to regulate blood sugar properly, or becomes resistant to the effects of insulin, also causing blood sugar to rise. High blood sugar is characteristic of diabetes. People who have diabetes have to take insulin shots or supplements in order to give their body enough insulin to regulate blood sugar. There are three main types of diabetes: Type 1 diabetes, Type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes. In Type 1 diabetes, the body does not produce enough insulin to regulate blood sugar. In Type 2 diabetes, the body is resistant to insulin, and so it allows blood sugar to rise to high levels (Winter 2002). Gestational diabetes is a temporary diabetes that develops in previously non-diabetic pregnant women and causes their blood sugar to rise during their pregnancy. Diabetes of any type can produce a variety of symptoms. The most common symptoms are increased thirst, increased urination, nausea, fatigue, slow healing cuts or sores, dry mouth, itchy skin, blurred vision, and unusual weight loss or gain. Type 1 diabetes is usually characterized as an autoimmune disorder and appears in previously healthy people of normal weights and who have good diets and exercise regularly. Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes and is usually considered a lifestyle diabetes, appearing in people who have poor diets, who are overweight, and who have
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