Diabetes Case Study

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Diabetes case study Q1. Compare the incidents of diabetes within each region of the U.S. for the past year and identify which state has the highest burden of this disease. Although the increasing prevalence of diabetes has been long noted in the media, only recently have the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) begun to compile "state-specific data on diabetes. Southern states have the highest diabetes rate. Among the 10 states with the highest diabetes rates, only Arizona is not in the South. The other nine are Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, and West Virginia" (DeNoon 2012). Of all the states, West Virginia has the highest annual diabetes rate "12.7 new diabetes cases for every 1,000 residents" while California has the highest number of new diabetes cases. In 1997, 208,000 Californians were told they had diabetes" (DeNoon 2008). West Virginia's abysmal health statistics were one of the reasons the state was chosen as the subject of a much-heralded 'intervention' in the form of a reality TV show by British Chef Jamie Oliver. In contrast, the state with the lowest diabetes rate was Minnesota which has "five new cases per 1,000 residents. But even in the 'best' state, diabetes is way up by 67%--over the last decade" (DeNoon 2008). Despite California's spike in diabetes cases, the Western region of the United States actually has the lowest rates of diabetes, perhaps because of the more active lifestyle enjoyed by residents

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