Diabetes : Considered A Metabolic Disorder

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Diabetes Diabetes is considered a metabolic disorder. Glucose is obtain from the food we ingest and normally insulin is release as the glucose levels rise. Insulin is produced in the pancreas by cells called Beta cells. Diabetes results from an imbalance of the hormone insulin. When Beta Cells fail to produce insulin the levels of glucose in the blood rise as the kidney is not able to filtrate the high amounts of glucose in the blood. Another cause for diabetes can be insulin resistance. Insulin resistance occurs when the body is not able to utilize the available insulin. Insulin is in charge of maintaining the proper levels of glucose in the plasma. Insulin levels are raised when the levels of glucose in the blood are high. Insulin…show more content…
As the body is not able to produce insulin an external supply of insulin hormone must be prescribed. Insulin is commonly given via injection to control the high levels of glucose in the blood. High levels of blood are referred as to hyperglycemia. The cause for type 1 diabetes is not well known but genes may play a role in this type of diabetes. Another suspicion for type 1 diabetes is the environment, for example a virus. A virus may cause the immune system to attack the cells on the pancreas because it detects a foreign organism. According to WebMD.com autoantibodies are present in almost all patients with type 1 diabetes. According to WebMD.com Type 1 diabetes symptoms may include: heavy thirst, increased hunger, dry mouth, nausea and vomiting, pain in your belly, frequent urination, unexplained weight loss, fatigue, blurred vision, heavy, labored breathing (Kussmaul respiration), frequent infections of the skin, urinary tract, or vagina. Bedwetting in children who previously didn 't wet the bed during the night, irritability and other mood changes may also occur (Mayo clinic). This symptoms not be as severe at the beginning but may worsen over time. Diagnostic test of type 1 diabetes can include urine test for high levels of glucose which will indicate that there is not enough insulin being released. Blood test can help to determine if the patient present type 1 or type 2 diabetes. Type one diabetes will be significant for autoantigens that may
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