Researcher James Levin’s “Poverty and Obesity in the U.S” from American Diabetes Association, research about the Obesity and Diabetes in Poverty counties/reigns of the United States. Levin believes poverty and obesity are linked to each other. According to Levin’s research “ People in America who live in the most poverty-dense counties are those most prone to obesity. ” . There are many reason that link poverty to obesity, but Levin believes lack of fresh food and inactivity has a huge role in chronic metabolic disease (obesity and diabetes), and cardiovascular death. People who
Diabetes is a disease where the body is unable to produce or use insulin effectively. Insulin is needed for proper storage and use of carbohydrates. Without it, blood sugar levels can become too high or too low, resulting in a diabetic emergency. It affects about 7.8% of the population. The incidence of diabetes is known to increase with age. It’s the leading cause of end-stage renal disease in the US, and is the primary cause of blindness and foot and leg amputation. It is known to cause neuropathy in up to 70% of diabetic patients. Individuals with diabetes are twice as likely to develop cardiovascular disease. There are two types of diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2.
According to the United States Library of Medicine, diabetes is a disease that occurs when the body does not make or use insulin correctly, therefore causing fluctuating amounts of glucose in the blood. Diabetes is a disease that affects millions of adults and children from various cultures. According to the American Diabetes Association (2014), someone is diagnosed with diabetes every 19 seconds. The Center of Disease Control and Prevention most recent statistical report indicated there were 29.1 million adults and children affected by diabetes. Those numbers are astounding. Unfortunately, the American Diabetes Association (2014) estimates by year of 2050, one out of three adults will have diabetes. Therefore, it is imperative that adults take aggressive measures to prevent this disease. By the same token, diabetes diagnosed in children and adolescent is becoming more prevalent every day. The American Diabetes Association (2014) reported there were about 216, 00 children in the United States with diabetes. It is predicted that one out three children will be diagnosed with diabetes in their life. The statistics for both adults and children with diabetes are frightening; however, early detection can help lower the risk of developing the debilitating effects of diabetes.
29 million people in the United States (9.3 percent) have diabetes, and of those 29 million approximately 7.25 million are unaware that they are diabetic (www.cdc.gov). Diabetes describes a group of metabolic diseases in which the person has high blood glucose because insulin production is inadequate, or because the body 's cells do not respond properly to insulin, or both. Diabetes can be divided into two groups: Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is also referred to as juvenile diabetes and is usually found in children and young adults. Only 5% of people with diabetes have this form of the disease. Type 1 diabetes restricts the body from producing insulin, a hormone that is needed to convert sugar, starches and other food into energy needed for daily life. Type 1 diabetes can be managed by using insulin therapy and other treatments to help those infected maintain insulin to convert sugars, starches and foods into energy(www.diabetes.org). Type 2 diabetes is the most common, people with Type 2 diabetes have insulin resistance meaning the body does not use insulin properly. At first, the pancreas makes a surplus insulin to compensate for the lack on insulin in your body. However, over time your pancreas is not able to keep up and can not make enough insulin to keep your blood glucose at normal levels(www.diabetes.org). Complications of diabetes in the long term include potential heart disease, stroke, and kidney damage.
For my health project topic I chose Diabetes. One of my aunts has type one diabetes, and that is partially why I chose to do this topic. Diabetes is a group of metabolic diseases in which the person has high blood glucose (blood sugar) because of varying reasons. Some of these reasons include insulin production is inadequate or because the body’s cells don’t respond properly to insulin, or both. Insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreas that regulates the amount of glucose in the blood. Basically it is a hormone needed to allow sugar (glucose) to enter cells to produce energy. The lack of insulin causes a form of diabetes. Diabetes is a long term condition that causes high blood sugar levels. People with high blood sugar have frequent urination (Polyuria) and become increasingly thirsty and hungry (Polydipsia and Polyphagia). There are three types of diabetes, Type 1, Type 2, and Gestational Diabetes. Type 1 is when the body does not produce insulin. Type 2 is when the body does not produce enough insulin for proper function. Finally, Gestational Diabetes may effect females during pregnancy.
Diabetes is a disease that can lead to heart attacks, stroke, kidney failure, nerve damage, or blindness (Turkoski, 2006). It not only costs many individuals their lives, but it also causes untold emotional and physical problems for people with diabetes and their families. In addition, the cost of care associated with diabetes and the associated complications exceeds $132 billion annually.
Diabetes is a complex metabolic disorder that is growing in the population ranging from young children all the way to older adults, however, with more research we can begin to understand the background, history, symptoms, impact on the body, and cures and treatments of this horrific disease.
Gestational diabetes is a disease that affects pregnant women it’s a glucose intolerance that is started or diagnosed during pregnancy. Based on recently announced diagnostic criteria for gestational diabetes, according to the American Diabetes Association, it is estimated that gestational diabetes affects 18% of pregnancies. Pregnancy hormones can block insulin therefore causing the glucose levels to increase in a pregnant woman’s blood. Gestational diabetes starts when your body is not able to make and use all the insulin it needs for pregnancy (American Diabetes Association). Without enough insulin, glucose cannot leave the blood and be changed to
Diabetes is a common chronic disease that causes problems in the way the blood uses food. The inability of the body to transform the sugar into energy is called diabetes. Glucose, a simple sugar, is the primary source of fuel for our bodies. When food is digested, some of the food will be converted into glucose which is then transferred from the blood into the cells however, insulin, which is produced by beta cells in the pancreas is needed. In individuals with diabetes, this process is impaired.
Diabetes mellitus (sometimes called "sugar diabetes") is a condition that occurs when the body can 't use glucose (a type of sugar) normally. Glucose is the main source of energy for the body 's cells. The levels of glucose in the blood are controlled by a hormone called insulin, which is made by the pancreas. Insulin helps glucose enter the cells.
Signs and symptoms of both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes are quite similar. With obesity linked to Type 2 diabetes, weight gain is an obvious sign and symptom. In contrast, a decrease in weight is seen more in Type 1 diabetes. Changes in bodily functions can also occur. Patients with Type 2 and Type 1 may experience an increase in urination. A decrease in fluids may lead to thirst and dry mouth. Those with diabetes also may notice they feel tired and hungrier more often than before (Gould & Dyer, 2011). With the signs and symptoms in mind, the many causes of diabetes is also important.
Chronic disease is a long lasting condition that is progressive and can be controlled but not cured. Chronic diseases are prevalent worldwide and it is the leading cause of death in the world. The World Health Organization stated that almost half of all chronic deaths happen in people under the age of 70. There are many different types of chronic diseases and there are different treatment, interventions or approaches for each disease. In this paper, I will be touching on the impact of chronic disease, the various models that go together with chronic disease; the interventions and I will also be talking about two different types of chronic disease, heart disease and diabetes.
Diabetes or diabetes mellitus is an autoimmune disease that has no know cure. There are three main types of diabetes, Type one diabetes, type two diabetes, and gestational diabetes. Each one has a different way of being treated and different causes Type one diabetes is caused when the autoimmune system attacks and eventually kills the pancreatic beta cells, which produce insulin. There is no know reason why the autoimmune disease attacks the beta cells. Type two diabetes is caused when the body becomes resistant to insulin. The reason for type two diabetes is usually the body mass of the patient is large or the patient has abnormally thick skin. Type two diabetes usually affects the minority groups in America, while Type one diabetes affects mostly Caucasians. Gestational diabetes is the least common type of diabetes among the three. Gestational diabetes is caused during pregnancy when the mother has elevated levels of glucose. Gestational diabetes affects one out of twenty-five pregnant women around the world.
In 2012 29.1 million Americans had diabetes of those 29.1 million, 21.0 million were diagnosed and 8.1 million were undiagnosed. What is diabetes mellitus, a deficiency of the pancreatic hormone insulin which results in a failure to metabolize starch and sugars. There are two types of Diabetes, Type 1 which is absolute insufficiency of insulin and Type 2 is when the pancreas does not secrete enough insulin. The pathophysiology of Type 1 diabetes, manifests as a result of the body’s immune system attacking the insulin producing beta cells of the pancreas, a lack of insulin in the blood causes inadequate amount of glucose to be taken up by the cells which provides energy for cellular function. The pathophysiology of Type 2 diabetes occurs when there is a diminished ability of cells to respond to the action of insulin in transporting glucose from the bloodstream into muscle and other tissues this is called insulin resistance this develops with overweight.