Diabetes : Diabetes And Diabetes Essay

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Diabetes refers to clinically and heterogenous group of disorders described by abnormal high levels blood glucose. Diabetes is ranked as 6th leading cause of death. It direct annual medical costs is approximately over $ 92 billion, and another $ 40 billion indirect cost. It affects approximately 18.2 million people in the USA (Arcangelo & Peterson, 2013).
Explain the differences between types of diabetes including type 1, type 2, gestational, and juvenile diabetes. There are three major classification of diabetes. These includes diabetes type 1 mellitus, type 2 diabetes mellitus, gestational diabetes and diabetes that is secondary to pancreatic diseases and hormonal imbalances (Huether & McCance, 2012). Type 1 diabetes is also referred to as insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. This is an autoimmune response whereby the pancreatic beta cells responsible for secretion of insulin hormones are destroyed. The insulin hormone has the responsibility of promoting cellular uptake and utilization of glucose in order to maintain the metabolic functions. When these cells are destroyed, the pancreas doesn 't produce insulin, making the blood glucose level to sky rocket. This is common among the paediatric population. The main aetiologies are unknown, but is hypothesized that the onset of this disease is caused by viruses that attack pancreases regions responsible for insulin production. The general clinical manifestation includes frequent urination, fatigue, blurred vision and

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