Diabetes : Diabetes And Type Two Diabetes

1688 Words Jan 3rd, 2016 7 Pages
The cells of a diabetic have problems taking up glucose due to either the lack of insulin or a resistance to insulin. Instead, the sugar remains in the blood, resulting in the rise of blood glucose levels. The rise in blood glucose levels results in the disease that is broken down into two main types, type one diabetes and type two diabetes. Type one diabetes is an autoimmune disease, meaning a disease in which the body 's immune system attacks healthy cells, that causes the insulin producing beta cells in the pancreas to be destroyed. The immune system, by mistake, attacks its own insulin-producing cells so that insufficient amounts of insulin are produced or no insulin at all. Type one diabetes is also referred to as insulin dependent diabetes because people diagnosed with this type of diabetes are required to administer insulin injections into themselves. The possible causes for type one diabetes are linked to genetics or environmental circumstances. The possible genetic inheritance of type one diabetes is strongly linked with HLA-DQ and DR on chromosome 6, but genetic factors on other chromosomes such as the insulin gene on chromosome eleven and the cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen gene on chromosome two may lighten the disease risk. Other studies support the idea that environmental factors are important. Gestational infections, or infections in the womb, may contribute to initiation, whereas later infections may accelerate islet beta cell autoimmunity. The development of…

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