Essay about Diabetes Explained

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Special cells in the pancreas produce a hormone called insulin to regulate metabolism. When this hormone is not present glucose cannot enter body cells and blood glucose levels rise. Hyperglycemia may result from this situation. This process is the development of diabetes mellitus. Type 1 diabetes, formerly called juvenile diabetes or insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, has two forms; immune-mediated and idiopathic. Type 1 diabetes accounts for 5-10% of cases in the United States. Research has shown that there is an inherited tendency for developing the disease; it may be triggered by environmental factors (Rosdahl & Kowalski, 2008). It also has an autoimmune component since antibodies to insulin and islet cells are present at the time of …show more content…
Dietary Needs of Type 1 Diabetes
Dietary management of type 1 diabetes consists of limiting the amount of carbohydrates consumed to prevent a rapid or prolonged rise in blood glucose levels. A diet that consists of unrefined carbohydrates is recommended due to the impact of these sources to cause a slower rise in blood glucose than refined carbohydrates (Grosvenor & Smolin, 2010). Unrefined foods are foods that are found in nature or that have been minimally processed [“in methods”] such as cooking, examples include fruits and vegetables. Refined refers to foods that have been processed to remove the coarse parts of the original food such as sugar.
Carbohydrate counting has been found to be useful when used along with a meal plan to set carbohydrate targets at each meal. It is also commonly used to estimate carbohydrate intake and adjust insulin around mixed meals and snacks using the insulin to carbohydrate ratio (Scavone, Manto, Pitocco, Gagliardi, Caputo, Mancini, Zaccardi, & Ghirlanda, 2010). The carbohydrate counting program is less rigid than previous approaches to diabetic nutritional planning.
New methods of carbohydrate counting are also taking into consideration the quality of carbohydrates

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