Essay on Diabetes Insipidus

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DIABETES INSIPIDUS BY DOROTHY OWUSU

WHAT IS DIABETES INSIPIDUS?
Diabetes insipidus is a condition in which the body cannot retain enough water. The patient is excessively thirsty and excretes large amounts of extremely diluted urine. It causes intense thirst and excretion of large amounts of urine. A reduction in fluid intake does not reduce amounts and consistency of urine excretion. It is a rare condition, affecting approximately 1 in every 25,000 people. Diabetes insipidus occurs because the body does not properly produce, store or release antidiuretic hormone (ADH) and kidneys do not respond properly to ADH.

SIGNIFICANT OF THE NAME DIABETES INSIPIDUS
Diabetes is a Greek word meaning
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This diabetes has nothing to do with blood sugar.

The main signs and symptoms of diabetes insipidus include: * Extreme thirst - patients find themselves having to drink water all the time. The constant thirst and a dry feeling are persistent; even after consuming large quantities of water. * Polyuria - excretion of very large quantities of urine. Urine output can range from 2.5 liters per day to 15 liters per day, compared to about 1.5 to 2.5 liters per day in other adults without the condition. * Patients may find that they need to pass pale, watery urine as often as every 15 to 20 minutes. * Nocturia - having to get up from sleep to urinate. Disrupted sleeping patterns can lead to tiredness, irritability, and concentration problems. * Enuresis - bed-wetting * Feeling unwell - patients commonly feel run down for much of the time.

SYMPTOMS AMOUNG CHILDREN * Cool hands and feet * Delayed growth * Diapers which are excessively wet * Diarrhea * Dry skin * Fever * Inconsolable crying * Unexplained fussiness * Vomiting * Weight loss

CAUSES
Our kidneys remove excess body fluids from our bloodstream. This excess fluid waste is stored as urine in the bladder. If our body fluid levels drop due to, for example perspiration, our kidneys produce
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