Diabetes Is A Chronic Disease

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Introduction Diabetes (Diabetes mellitus) is a chronic disease caused by number of reasons. Diabetic patient characterized by hyperglycemia (high blood in sugar) resulting from defect of insulin secretion (Mellitus, 2005). World Health Organization (2008) defined the Diabetes untreated disease, known by chronic rise of the concentration of sugar (glucose) in the blood. Glucose is major source of energy in our body, food is convert to fats, protein, and carbohydrate. Carbohydrate when eat, convert to glucose, the glucose is source of energy in the body. The World Health Organization (2008) estimate 171 million people in the world with diabetes in 2000 and the number will increase to 366 million by 2030. Types of Diabetes There are two…show more content…
Diagnosis There are many ways to diagnosis the diabetes. First , by measurement the glucose level in the blood when the patient is not eat or drink (except water ) for at least 8 hours .this is test usually done in early morning ,before the breakfast (WHO.2008) . The normal fasting blood sugar in healthy people is 80 – 90 mg/dl compere diabetic patient is 126 mg/dl (Diabetes Association, 2008). Second , the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), The OGTT is a two-hour test that checks your blood sugar levels before and 2 hours after you drink a special sugared drink. The blood sugar in healthy people is 80 – 139 mg/dl compere diabetic patient is 200 mg/dl (Diabetes Association, 2008).third, random plasma glucose test .in this test, blood check at any time of day if the glucose is higher than 200 mg/dl. Symptoms The common symptom of diabetes is rise urination (polyuria) and thirst (polydipsia) and tiredness (WHO, 2008). Diabetes symptoms is different according to the type of diabetes. The common symptoms in type 1 diabetes are unexpected Wight loss, Fatigue or tiredness, blurred vision, itching skin ,nausea, dry mouth, vomiting and in woman ,frequent vaginal infection . The common symptoms in type 2 diabetes are excessive thirsty, dry mouth, itching skin
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