Diabetes Is A Group Of Metabolic Diseases

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Diabetes in African American Populations Melanie Barber, MSN Student MPH 855 Principles of Epidemiology Department of Baccalaureate & Graduate Nursing, Eastern Kentucky University Richmond, KY November 21, 2016 According to the American Diabetes Association, diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both. The chronic hyperglycemia associated with diabetes results in failure of various organs including eyes, kidneys, heart, and blood vessels (American Diabetes Association, 2016). Possible complications of diabetes include heart attack, stroke, kidney failure, leg amputation, vision loss, nerve damage, and premature death (World Health Organization, 2016). The databases for the Centers for Disease Control and Protection, World Health Organization, National Institute of Health, National Vital Statistics Survey, and Kentucky Data Warehouse and Kentucky Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System were reviewed for datasets and information for diabetes mellitus. Globally, an estimated 422 million adults were living with diabetes in 2014. The prevalence of diabetes has nearly doubled since 1980, rising from 4.7% to 8.5% in adult population. In the past ten years, diabetes prevalence has risen faster in low and middle income countries in comparison to high-income countries. Diabetes is responsible for 1.5 million deaths in 2012 (World Health Organization, 2016).
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